The question is, what in particular did they not believe? 3:7 The hypothetical argument laid out in 3:5 is repeated in a slightly different form and with greater emphasis in 3:7. The unbelief of the Jews does not nullify God’s faithfulness, but rather God will be justified in his words and prevail when he judges, just as it says in Psalm 116:11 (3:3-4). The Jews had this special favour, to them were committed the Oracles of God; that is, the writings of Moses and the prophets. is by some considered as a repetition of the first; circumcision being taken as the mere sign of Judaism. Romans 8:1-39 Chapter IX. or what profit is there of circumcision? His word must stand. The first objection is stated in this verse. III. If he is not properly a Jew, who is born of Jewish parents, and brought up in the customs, rites, and religion of the Jewish nation, but anyone of whatsoever nation, that is born again of water, and of the Spirit; where is the superior excellency of the Jew to the Gentile? It is best to take the question, not as coming from an objector, which supposition has obscured several parts of this Epistle, but as asked by the Apostle himself, anticipating the thoughts of his reader. Romans 1:1-7 Paul introduces himself to the believers in Rome. The title which St. Paul gives to the holy scriptures; he calls them the oracles of God. Romans 3:1-8 New International Version << Romans 2 | Romans 3 | Romans 4 >> 3 1 What advantage, then, is there in being a Jew, or what value is there in circumcision? Romans 15:1 … Chapter 7. τ. περιτ. Romans 3:1-8 contributes to our understanding of sin (hamartiology) and how God will deal with it. The Apostle very properly argues, that the unbelief of Israel, could not do away God's promises, which were not conditional, for those promises depended not upon the merit of man, but the faithfulness of God. Wesley's Notes for Romans 3:1. But we Christians have a privilege beyond them, the doctrine of Jesus delivered to us by evangelists and apostles; not like the killing letter of the law, but a gospel, bringing life and immortality to light. What then is the advantage, etc. St. Stephen calls them, the lively oracles, Acts 7:38 partly because delivered by a lively voice from God, partly because they should be to us as oracles; that is, consulted with upon all occasions, for resolving all doubts, determining all controversies. Romans 3:20 so that no flesh is justified by the deeds of the law. They were entrusted with the oracles of God ... to them were committed the Oracles of God, "Well then, if it is being a Jew inwardly that counts, if it is the "circumcision" of the heart that matters, is there any advantage in belonging to the Jewish nation, or in being physically circumcised? NET RSV ASV YLT DBY WEB HNV. Chapter 2. Those who say, as they have about Paul, “let us do evil that good may result,” deserve condemnation (3:8). Neither is he referring to forensic justification or the status of those whom God saves by the power of the gospel. p. 152 f. Romans 3:1. τί, what). He answers it, Romans 3:2 saying, The advantage is much every way; but chiefly because unto them were committed the oracles of God: That is, the holy scriptures contained in the Old Testament, that sacraments and seals of the covenant, the prophecies and promises of the Messiah, and the whole revelation of the word and will of God, were then found with them, and in their hands only. Paul extends the meaning of oracles here in two ways—in content and audience: The content of the message includes the entire Law. Romans 3:1, KJV: "What advantage then hath the Jew? Romans 9:4-23; where we have the same questions more distinctly put, answered, and largely discussed; only we may observe, that here they relate solely to the rejection of the Jews, but there they take in also the calling of the Gentiles. He, therefore, in the next verse makes generous concession. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. From the middle of chapter 3, we are led through a treasure trove of God’s infinite righteousness, which is revealed through a single man – the Lord Jesus Christ. 3:1 What then, may some say, is the advantage of the Jew, or of the circumcision - That is, those that are circumcised, above the gentiles? The Jew, then, who thinks that God is unjust and unfaithful when he makes promises to his people on the one hand, and then judges them for sin on the other, is sadly mistaken. In Romans, Paul … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 4:1-5, 13-17" Who, that reads the Scriptures of the Old Testament with an enlightened eye, but must see the doctrine of the Holy Three in One, which bear record in Heaven, shining with full lustre in every Book? As his coffin entered the vast building, the choir sang an anthem composed for the occasion. The expression there are many advantages (πολὺ κατὰ πάντα τρόπον, polu kata panta tropon) literally reads “much according to every way.” This does not mean that the Jew had advantages in every way without exception, since this interpretation would practically render 2:1-29 and the criticism there obsolete. The Argument. RVR60 VUL WLC LXX mGNT TR . Romans 1:32 Commentary. As an inference ( οὖν) from Romans 2:28-29, the objection might now be made from the Jewish standpoint against the Apostle, that he quite does away with the advantage of Judaism and the benefit of circumcision. He has shown that the mere possession of the law does not exempt the Jew from judgment, but that God requires its fulfilment; he has shown that circumcision in the flesh, seal though it be of the covenant and pledge of its promises, is only of value if it represent inward heart circumcision; he has, it may be … Will Jewish unbelief lead to God being unfaithful (3:3)? ὅτι ἐπιστ. Study the bible online using commentary on Romans 3 and more! On the connection of thought, see above. He has shewn that the Jews were rather more wicked than the Gentiles, and stood condemned by such of them as sincerelydid their duty through the secret influences of divine grace; that a possession of the law, circumcision, and an outward profession of relation to God, gave them no character, and signified nothing, as to their acceptance with him. 3 What if some were unfaithful? This must be very disgusting: and the Apostle, who had often debated the point with his countrymen, knew very well what a Jew would be ready to say upon this occasion. (4) God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged. But especially the Scriptures were … Paul answers this question and other related ones in 3:1-8 by saying that there is great advantage in being a Jew but it does not lie in a de facto exemption from judgment—even if that sin magnifies God’s righteousness. What advantage then hath the Jew? But Paul never taught the unqualified removal of the Law, only a different understanding of its role in salvation and sanctification (cf. Idea: Though there is advantage in being a Jew this does not mean that unfaithfulness and sin will render God unfaithful or that such behavior will not go unpunished, even if it does demonstrate the righteousness of God. On the Greek form of expression πιστεύο΄αί τι (1 Corinthians 9:17; Galatians 2:7), see Winer, p. 244 [E. T. 326]. If the preceding doctrine be true, it may be asked, What advantage hath the Jew over the Gentile; and what profit is there in circumcision, if it does not save from sin? or what profit is there of circumcision? presents substantially the same question in a more specific form. do not overlook by the way the blessedness of this doctrine, as it may be, and as it ought to be, applied, to numberless occasions in life. : however you choose to view the position. Judgment, the Source of Broken Relationships (Romans 3:1–20) Bible Commentary / Produced by TOW Project What can be done with a world of people separated from God by idolatry and from one another by judgment? Commentary on Romans 3:1-8 (Read Romans 3:1-8) The law could not save in or from sins, yet it gave the Jews advantages for obtaining salvation. Posted in | printer-friendly version » In view of what Paul had said, some may have concluded that there was no benefit in having a Jewish identity. Romans 2:7-8 Commentary. -. I. The oracles of God refer to God’s self-revelation in the Old Testament and may have a particular focus on God’s statements about how he chose Israel to be his people (Exod 19:3-6) and the promises he made, especially those to Abraham (Gen 12:1-3; 15; 17; 11:1) and David (2 Sam 7:8-16; Ps 89; Isa 55:3; Rom 1:3-4; 15:12). Romans 2:1-2 Commentary. Or thus, If external things do not commend us to God, (as it is affirmed, Romans 2:28,29), but the Gentiles are brought into the church without them, then the Jews have no prerogative above the Gentiles, though God hath owned them so long for his peculiar people. ), and this promise seemed threatened by the argument of the last chapter. Even though the Jews had the Word of God, some of them didn’t actually believe God. He puts a question into the mouth of the Church, which he foresaw would arise in the minds of the people, from what he had said, and as instantly answers it. 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