Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 7 Dec 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Dec 2020), ASHP (updated 3 Dec 2020) and others. Prior to their arrival, American Holly leaves had been used by Native Americans to make tea to treat cough, and berries had been used to make buttons. One of the most economically important species, Ilex paraguayensis or Maté tea (see separate monograph), has long been cultivated and used in Brazil and Paraguay as a tea-like beverage containing caffeine. Ilex aquifolium, Ilex opaca, Ilex vomitoria. Other varieties: Mountain holly (Ilex aquifolium) also called English holly or European holly; Indian black drink (Ilex vomitoria) also called black drink plant, emetic holly, and yaupon holly; Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) also called black-alder, brook alder, false alder, feverbush, and striped alder; Yerba Mate` (Ilex paraguariensis ) also called Mate`, Paraguay tea, and Yerba. Back to Top. Also Called: Christmas Holly . Ilex species are evergreen trees or shrubs with stiff, leathery leaves. But websites are not free to host or maintain. It was said to be a favorite of George Washington, and more than a dozen Hollies planted by him are still in evidence today. Plants in the holly family have been used as ornamentals and in herbal medicine for centuries It is used for engraving blocks, cabinet inlays, handles, and other specialty items. The genus Ilex consists of more than 400 species and requires a wet and equable climate. The spiny, dull green leaves are accented with clusters of red berries which persist throughout the fall and winter. Plants in the holly family have been used as ornamentals and in herbal medicine for centuries. American Holly: Family: Aquifoliaceae: USDA hardiness: 4-8: Known Hazards: Although no specific reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, the fruits of at least some members of this genus contain saponins and are slightly toxic. The wood has also been stained black and substituted for ebony in inlay work. Caution should be taken where children are concerned. Wildlife Use. It is also thought to be helpful as a blood purifying tonic for chronic rheumatic ailments and disorders. It is also used as a remedy for bronchitis, arthritis, and rheumatism. Description: Evergreen tree with smooth, leathery leaves. Comments: Holly is typically used only for ornamental and decorative purposes. Native Americans chewed berries for colic, indigestion. The Rodale Herb Book: How to Use, Grow, and Buy Nature’s Miracle Plants (An Organic gardening and farming book), edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974. In many Western Christian cultures, holly is a traditional Christmas decoration, used especially in wreaths and illustrations, for instance on Christmas cards. Plant Symbol = ILOP Contributed by: USDA NRCS Plant Materials Program Uses The attractive evergreen foliage and bright red fruit of this small tree make it a very popular for landscaping. It grows in zones 6-9. You can use hollies as a single specimen evergreen or for framing the corners of your home. It also does well in city conditions as long as it is not exposed to strong winds. The North American species are largely ornamental and derived from Central and South American species. Flowers are followed by clusters of round red berries in midwinter. The spines of some leaves may tear or puncture skin or mucus membranes. They are used in the treatment of children's diarrhoea, colic and indigestion. To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! WARNING(S): Fruits are poisonous, see Notes. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Back to Top. Flowering time from May to June. The Medicinal Herb Info site was created to help educate visitors about the often forgotten wisdom of the old ways of treating illnesses. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Ingestion can cause vomiting, diarrhea, stupor, dehydration, and electrolyte imbalance. Most holly plants are considered to have poisonous fruits to one degree or another. The shorter Ilex aquifolium 'Ferox Argentea' reaches a moderate height of 15 feet and spreads 8-10 feet. The mixed leaves of Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria, and Ilex dahoon also were used for a hot drink called yaupon or black drink. Gardeners use the versatile holly plant in a number of different ways. Back to Top. The American Holly was a popular tea during the American Civil War. Yaupon, Appalachian tea, cassena, deer berry, Indian holly, and Indian black drink also are commonly discussed with the hollies. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. White holly seems to have been used in the past primarily as a means of cleansing the system by promoting the proper elimination of waste products from the body. It is also used for knife handles and black piano keys. Historically, it has been used in teas as an emetic and a CNS stimulant. A tea made from the bark was once used … In this country, American holly is … Traditionally the leaves and berries of the holly tree are very popular as decorations around the holidays. Holly is primarily used as a holiday decoration. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Back to Top. turmeric, echinacea, saw palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. American holly related … Pliny said that the branches of the holly tree defend the house from lightning, and men from witchcraft. Early history records the European pagans offering holly branches as gifts during the Saturnalia. Holly is pe… It has a fairly large shrinkage rate, with a lot of seasonal movement in service, and its strength properties are mediocre for a hardwood. Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Warning | Bibliography, Young leaves, fresh or dried, and bark The American holly makes an excellent privacy screen and security fence and can easily be pruned to hedge form. Leaves, smooth, leathery; with few to many spine-tipped teeth. Often the most effective treatment involves a responsible blend of both modern and traditional treatments. Today the popularity of the American Holly … Available for Android and iOS devices. Historical records show pre-Christian European pagans offering holly branches as gifts during the Roman festival of Saturnalia. 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