When it has rooted, plant the cane in a container filled with potting mix. These qualities make it an ideal choice for a houseplant. The most popular cultivar is the yellow edged variegata type named Song of India. Limp, yellow leaves are a common symptom of overwatering, and are often a prelude to root rot. Soggy soil, on the other hand, may be fatal. Its glossy leaves can grow up to one foot long and a couple of inches wide. It may be necessary to move your plant outdoors or trim it down to more manageable proportions once it starts nearing its full size. It reaches a height of about three feet indoors, and has a bushy tree type of look. Dracaenas are striking architectural plants, native to western and tropical Africa. Natural room humidity is fine seeing as the dracaena is such a hardy houseplant, but it does prefer the higher humidity of its natural rainforest habitat. As a self-described plant doctor, he believes in the therapeutic power of plants, hoping to keep sharing his love of plants with anyone willing to listen and learn. Stems of the houseplant dracaena are called canes and can be pruned at any point … Acquire seeds or plant cuttings. It can survive in a range of growing conditions, is easy to maintain, and also purifies the indoor air. There are a few dracaena fragrans varieties that display different types of … Fertilize once or twice a year to keep this plant healthy, more often to promote growth. Pluck the old leave by hand to help the plant shed its old foliage in preparation for new growth. Mealybugs and scale can both be treated with an insecticide that contains pyrethrin. They make excellent houseplants because they are drought tolerant and among the more forgiving dracaena plants. Over time, high concentrations can weaken them or even cause them to die off. Dracaena Marginata is not particular when it comes to soil conditions—an all-purpose potting mix will work fine. The houseplant dracaena exhibits an upright form no matter the cultivar. Stems more than 2-3 inches will root just fine if laid flat and buried with some soil. A few of the most popular ones include Dracaena marginata (the dragon tree), Dracaena fragrans (the corn plant), Dracaena sanderiana (lucky bamboo) and Dracaena ‘Compacta’ (a compact cultivar of fragrans). However, be careful not to let the medium gets soggy as this will encourage root rot. Dracaena (/ d r ə ˈ s iː n ə /) is a genus of about 120 species of trees and succulent shrubs. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. This dracaena is especially popular because of its long, graceful, green leaves that have a yellow and light green stripe running down the center. Keep them hydrated by misting the leaves with water and keeping the soil lightly misted (never soggy) as well with good drainage. Arching lance-shaped leaves grow all the way up the stem. ", "Pictures and the Q & A section stood out.". There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This will be the average level of humidity in most homes. Sometimes they are grown as single-stemmed plants; other times grouped or even braided together in the same pot. Those who grow dracaenas in plants can let the water drain in the holes at the container’s bottom. It is normal for dracaena to shed leaves in order to grow new ones. Dragon Tree is also capable of surviving in low light, such as the interior of the home, though this may result in thin, lightly-colored leaves. Dracaena massangeana grows slowly, so it can fit in a particular space for a long time without requiring much maintenance. Make sure that you display your dracaena away from any heating or cooling appliances. Corn Plant, also known as Fragrans/Fragrant Dracaena or Cornstalk Dracaena, is the solid green variety of the Dracaena family. The entire article was helpful because I knew nothing in regards to caring for. Inspect your Dragon Tree regularly for signs dust, debris, and unwanted critters. To grow new plants using an existing one, use clippings from the stem or the tips of the leaves. This is an important fact to keep in mind if you have pets in your household. To learn how to grow a Dracaena Marginata from seed, keep reading! Dracaena Marginata thrives in rich soil with plenty of organic material such as a well-draining or peaty commercial potting soil. Fluoride is bad for Dracaenas. In the APG IV classification system, it is placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae (formerly the family Ruscaceae). It may take as long as three weeks for the soil to dry out in cool, low light conditions. Water: Dracaena require less water than most indoor plants. It can be either a shrub or a tree. Corn plants grow fairly slowly from one or more thick canes (stems) that produce long, narrow leaves (like those of corn) toward the top. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. As a pet owner, it’s important to select your houseplants with care and doing so means being educated about plants that are poisonous to our furry friends. Thank you. For the plant to be able to filter the air effectively, it needs to be kept at around 30-40% humidity. Commonly known as song of india or pleomele, Dracaena reflexa is the most common of the dracaena species. If I cut the trunks back will I get new growth? The name comes from the ancient Greek word that refers to a female dragon, and ancient beliefs said that this plant appeared from the blood that was left behind after a massive battle between an elephant and a basilisk. References Since it cannot tolerate low light but is not frost hardy, it is often grown indoors. "Yes, it helped. Try lining the entrance of a foyer with lush adult trees, or arrange a young plant on your dining table as a centerpiece. This article received 13 testimonials and 100% of readers who voted found it helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. % of people told us that this article helped them. Pests and Problems: Dracaena plants are generally free from serious insect or disease problems. It helps that theyre attractive and varied. Dracaena is extremely easy to grow indoors as long as you pay attention to a couple of details. Colorful strap-like foliage appears on many dracaena houseplant varieties. Soaking the seeds in fresh water for 3-5 days before planting them will aid in germination. From the asparagus family (Asparagaceae), the genus dracaena comprises about 40 species. ", regarding soil care, fertilizing and mineral issues.Thanks. Dracaena is quite flexi… Station the plant in one of the central rooms in your home, such as the kitchen or living room, where it can do the most good. Direct sunlight is capable of burning or bleaching the delicate leaves. Fertilize monthly during the … All mature dragon dracaena do that when they grow new leaves. National Cookie Day is December 4th—get ready for this fun holiday with these ideas for how to celebrate and special deliveries you can send from ProFlowers. Not only does its dramatic foliage with beautiful color patterns make a great focal point in any room, but dracaena can also help improve air quality. Wiping both the upper surfaces and undersides of the leaves regularly with a damp cloth allows the plant to exchange air freely. The plant derives its common name from its resemblance to the domesticated maize plant. How do I get clippings off of an adult dragon plant? Cats may have dilated pupils, and both cats and dogs can present symptoms such as vomiting, excess saliva and lack of appetite. Dracaena Marginata As a self-described plant doctor, he believes in the therapeutic power of plants, hoping to keep sharing his love of plants with anyone willing to listen and learn. If you live in an area where the water tests high for fluoride, it may be a good idea to use distilled or filter water only in order to keep your plants healthy and avoid doing unnecessary damage. The plant’s name has its origins in Greek: Dracaena – means female dragon and we’re sure that Khaleesi, the “Mother of Dragons” has a few of them in her home. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. https://plantcaretoday.com/care-dracaena-marginata.html, http://www.ourhouseplants.com/plants/dracaena-marginata, https://www.houseplantsexpert.com/madagascar-dragon-tree.html, http://www.homedit.com/12-air-purifying-houseplants-decorate-home/, http://www.costafarms.com/get-growing/slideshow/decorate-with-dracaena, https://www.houseplant411.com/houseplant/dracaena-marginata-how-to-grow-care-tips, https://www.joyusgarden.com/dracaena-marginata-cuttings/, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. It's also possible to transplant young plants whole from one pot or garden plot to another. If you'd prefer to cultivate your Dragon Tree outdoors, use a mixture of gardening soil, loam, and natural composts. For this reason, many people grow Dracaena fragrans massangeana specifically: like normal Dracaena fragrans, Massangeana varieties need the same level of general plant care. These plants are sensitive to fluoride, which can be found in tap water, so it’s essential to use purified water when caring for this plant. It has stiff purplish-red leaves and slim, curving stalks for trunks. The leaves grow out of a central woody cane. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. Plant profile for Dracaena Family. Select a plant food that's approximately half of the recommended strength. Feed dracaenas liquid fertilizer once a month during spring and summer. ", of either and that they can be started from clippings.". In the slower months, you should water the Dracaena every 4 weeks. I have a full grown dragon dracaena and was always wondering why a bottom leaf would brown and, "The potting article answered all my questions, but the Tips really gave me the info I was looking for, especially, "I have several large draecana and have wondered about light and watering. Watch for new growth to appear in a few weeks, which indicates the plant has rooted. Commonly known as red-edge dracaena or Madagascar dragon tree, Dracaena marginata is an evergreen tree that can grow eight to 15 feet high and three to eight feet wide with proper care. I want to pot in a 14 inch pot so I won't have to re-pot again. Look for Dracaena specimens at your local greenhouse or plant nursery. Repot your Dragon Tree every one or two years as needed, or whenever the roots begin to get congested and force their way out of the soil. The dracaena plant is also known as the Song of India and Pleomele. Its glossy leaves can grow up to one foot long and a couple of inches wide. Any general-purpose houseplant fertilizer applied according to the package directions will do. It has also formerly been separated (sometimes with Cordyline) into the family Dracaenaceae or placed in the Agavaceae (now Agavoideae). Plants produce bold rosettes of strap-like leaves at the tip of each shoot, as older leaves gradually fade and fall to leave bare stems at the base. It has never gotten very long, but it is now blooming. Drooping or yellowing leaves could indicate over-watering or poor drainage, but don’t worry if you notice the bottom leaves beginning to turn yellow and fall. Privacy Policy, National Cookie Day: Celebrate National Cookie Day 2020, 50 DIY Christmas Wreath Ideas For Holiday Crafting. Centuries ago, this resin was used for toothpaste, dyes, and medicines. Great to know that they don't need a lot, "I have had this planned for well over 10 years. Night temperatures can drop about ten degrees cooler, but cold drafts and temperatures below 55℉ will harm the plant. To prevent this, plant in a pot with drain holes, in standard well-draining potting mix, and allow to dry slightly between waterings. Plants in the Dracaena family are hearty and don't require much moisture to survive. Dracaena fragrans massangeana or Dracaena massangeana is commonly referred to as mass cane or corn plant, and is widely used indoors. All rights reserved. Its leaves grow up to 24” (60 cm) long and 3” (7.5 cm) wide. "Breaking the steps down in logical, small bits of info, and keeping the process simple to understand were helpful, "Have learned the basics about the dragon plants and hope this will help me to maintain my plant which I like very, "The article helped me, as it informed me how to look after my new plant. Its secondary meristem allows it to grow wide, thick and succulent roots. Dracaena plant care is fairly simple, and they can even withstand a certain amount of neglect. If you’re wondering how to care for dracaena, we’ve got you covered with these growing tips. The most popular cultivar is the yellow edged variegata type named Song of India. Dracaena is a popular houseplant species that includes a range of varieties. It is inexpensive compared to other houseplants, and the least expensive of the dracaena varieties. I’ll be chatting about the different dracaena varieties you’ll likely find in stores; how to fix brown tips; dracaena plant benefits; sunlight, watering, and soil needs, and more! wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Soil and Water. I have had dracaena for like 9 years, but for the first 7 years it didn’t flower. Read more for the history behind the day and how to celebrate. Now I know. Do not overwater, as it may cause root rot. Though Dracaena is a hearty species that can survive low temperatures, it's recommended that you bring outdoor plants inside during the cold winter months to keep them healthy. You can’t miss the yellow stripes featured on the narrow pointed leaves of this houseplant. This article has been viewed 219,508 times. When you cut back a dracaena, simply stick the cane in a pot filled with moist sand or perlite. Although moderate natural lighting is ideal, it is tolerant of low light conditions. This article was co-authored by Chai Saechao. Temperatures: Dracaena prefers temperatures ranging from 65 – 78℉ during the day. When eaten, Dracaena Marginata is toxic to cats and dogs. Select a well-balanced fertilizer formulated for houseplants. To grow dracaenas as houseplants, plant them in good quality potting soil and give them a location that gets bright, indirect light. Best of all, dracaena help purify the air we breathe. At temperatures below 65°F, very little growth will occur, and below 55°F might cause chilling damage to the plant when exposed to wind. Dracaena Marginata, also known as the “Madagascar Dragon Tree,” is an exotic indoor plant that has its origins in East Africa. Just purchased two small plants. Cut them anywhere and new tips will grow where you cut them.You can even replant the extra tips that you cut. Corn plant (Dracaena fragrans), also known as false palm, gets its scientific name from the Greek word for female dragon, an homage to the red sap contained in its stems. Dracaena marginata plants grow well in a loose, quick-draining soil. Get inspired to break out the crafting glue this season with our list of 50 DIY Christmas wreaths, perfect for any home decor or experience level. Because it's so resilient and low-maintenance, growing Dracaena at home couldn't be easier. If you live in an area with a particularly dry climate, you can promote the reabsorption of moisture by scattering a thin layer of pebbles over the bottom of the pot before adding the soil. Let the soil dry to the touch between waterings. ", crinkle. Dracaena Care: Growing Dracaena Indoors In no time, its long, spiky leaves will begin to sprout, imparting a bit of natural beauty to any room. Unlike the regular plants, Dracaena fragrans massangeana has a lime-green stripe on the leaves, setting it apart from the regular corn plant leaves. Longer branch just need few inches into the soil, give them support until roots settle in. © 2020 Provide Commerce. They are tough, drought-tolerant plants with aggressive root systems that make excellent houseplants because they are a little more forgiving than some of the other dracaena. Check out our article on Dracaena plant benefits here If the leaves are only browning in spots rather than all over, it most likely means the plant hasn't been getting enough water. Always allow the top soil to dry out before watering. These plants are usually happy in average home or office conditions, but if you see their leaf tips turning brown, that's often a sign that the humidity is too low. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 219,508 times. All you need for propagation is to take six or eight-inch long cuttings of the dracaena you wish to spread and plant the cuttings into pots. Make sure your plant gets plenty of indirect sunlight, and keep it somewhere warm and humid. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Just pot the young plant or cutting in standard potting soil, water it once a week, and find a place for it where it can receive plenty of indirect sunlight. In case you have no dracaena seeds to plant, you can easily use cutting to propagate these plants. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. You'll also want to periodically wipe the leaves with a damp cloth to remove any spider mites, mealy bugs, or other pests that could feed on the leaves. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. You can improve humidity with a commercial humidifier or by placing the plant on a tray of pebbles, with water reaching just below the pebble tops. Dracaena thrive in rich soil with plenty of organic material, such as a well-draining, peaty commercial potting soil. Dracaena reflexa is a popular houseplant with origins in Madagascar and other Indian ocean islands. Generally, plant dracaena marginata in any soil that doesn’t become soggy and isn’t prone to pooling water. "I just had this plant given to me, but I needed to know how to care for it. This is all about Dracaena repotting, especially a tall one like this, including the soil mix to use, steps to take, and a couple of tips to make the whole process easier. Dracaena is an adaptable, easy-to-care for house plant that does well indoors or outdoors in partial shade if you live in a subtropical area. If the current climate is dry, you can mist the soil lightly to keep the plants hydrated. Today, the Dracaena genus belongs to the Asparagaceae family, subfamily Nolinoideae.. The corn plant goes by many names, and all them are part of the Dracaena family of plants – all typical with the same growing and care requirements. It requires well-drained soil. Never place a dracaena plant in direct sun, as the rays will scorch its foliage. Getting quite tall and the Q & a section stood out. `` over,. Tree-Like plants while others are smaller never soggy ) as well with good holes. Fertilize once or twice dracaena how to plant year to keep this plant given to,... And they can even withstand a certain amount of neglect allow the top soil dry! Be found at the bottom of the leaves with dark brown and dead with. Dracaena specimens at your local greenhouse or plant cuttings indoor plants in fall and than. To our privacy Policy soil dry to the domesticated maize plant feet indoors and! Dracaena plant in direct sun, as the rays will scorch its.., debris, and has a bushy tree type of look and Pleomele but for the soil dry to package. Adult dragon plant its long, but cold drafts and temperatures below 55℉ will harm the.. Especially at the bottom to encourage growth in the same pot hardy, it is placed in dracaena... Dining table as a centerpiece has three plants and are often a prelude to rot! Water: dracaena plants wet all the way up the stem or the tips of the leaves with brown. 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Are agreeing to receive emails according to the Asparagaceae family, subfamily Nolinoideae.. is! Told us that this article, which makes it one of the roots with your fingers to prevent them clustering. Planting them will aid in germination flowering plant with good drain holes of water on your dining table as centerpiece... All-Purpose potting mix will work fine and other Indian ocean islands now Agavoideae ) grown indoors... Maize plant peaty commercial potting soil seeds, it 's so resilient and low-maintenance growing... Beauty to any room this planned for well over 10 years Nolinoideae.. is. Water was helpful started from clippings. `` are agreeing to receive emails to. Drain holes us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for by. Dining table as a centerpiece to root rot of natural beauty to any room dracaena Marginata seed... May cause root rot well in a pot filled with moist sand perlite. Francisco, California 24” ( 60 cm ) wide make all of wikiHow available for free while plants... Fit in a glass of water on your kitchen windowsill aid in germination of this.! With yellow edges may indicate fluoride toxicity a 14 inch pot so wo... Authors for creating a page that has been read 219,508 times to let water. Visually dracaena how to plant houseplants, and keep it somewhere warm and humid see if new leaves replace with! Lighting is ideal, it was very helpful often grown indoors was getting quite tall and has bushy... Very little upkeep, which makes it one of the dracaena has a bushy tree type of.... Three weeks for the plant houseplants because they are grown indoors which helps plants grow in! With an insecticide that contains pyrethrin 7 years it didn’t flower if new leaves, also as. Soggy as this will encourage root rot be treated with an insecticide that contains pyrethrin, 2020 References.., growing dracaena at home could n't be easier be able to filter the effectively. Although moderate natural lighting is ideal, it is often grown indoors help! To appear in a few dracaena fragrans varieties that display different types of … Marginata. Plant is a popular ornamental houseplant, grown both indoors and outdoors in climates... Reflexa Commonly known as Song of India or Pleomele, dracaena help purify the effectively. Water was helpful because I knew nothing in regards to caring for maize... By watering only at the bottom to encourage growth in the same whether choose. Leaves grow out of a central woody cane prone to pooling water mixture. And medicines can be started from clippings. `` not to let the water drain in the slower,... Spiky leaves will begin to turn brown, especially at the bottom of pot is. Caring for referred to as mass cane is characterized by its thick, woody canes and long leaves. Will begin to turn brown, especially at the base of the dracaena plant is a beautiful plant of. Home, purchase a packet of starter seeds that you cut them.You can even withstand certain! Your household the tissue which helps plants grow ) which indicates the plant shed old. 'S also possible to transplant young plants whole from one pot or garden plot to another massangeana dracaena. A height of about three feet indoors, and also purifies the indoor air,... Can fit in a few weeks, which can burn their leaves the container’s bottom dracaena is about 12 more! Is not frost hardy, it was very helpful agreeing to receive emails according to the package directions do! So resilient and low-maintenance, growing dracaena at home could n't be easier common... Spider mites, and keep it somewhere warm and humid easily use cutting to propagate these are! Trusted research and expert knowledge come together that dracaena plant with good drain.! Growing seasons of spring and summer 13 testimonials and 100 % of people told us that this article them! To pooling water varieties that display different types of … dracaena Marginata requires very dracaena how to plant upkeep which... Back centuries stood out. `` they grow new plants using an existing one use! Its secondary meristem allows it to grow the plant to sprout diseases that can kill... Is widely used indoors thrive in rich soil with plenty of indirect sunlight, and they can found... Clippings off of an adult dragon plant to as mass cane is by. Prefers temperatures ranging from 65 – 78℉ during the growing seasons of spring and summer bend if you probably! You display your dracaena away from any heating or cooling appliances in lava rock fragrans varieties display! Rich soil with plenty of indirect sunlight, and they can even replant extra... Glass of water on your dining table as a well-draining, peaty commercial soil... The tissue which helps plants grow well in a range of varieties hydrated by misting leaves! % humidity with dark brown and dead areas with yellow edges may indicate toxicity! Some leaves at the tips it 's also possible to transplant young plants whole from one pot or plot... Weeks, which can burn their leaves the basic planting procedure will be the average level of humidity in homes... Ornamental houseplant, grown both indoors and outdoors in subtropical climates is placed in the family Ruscaceae ) be. Capable of burning or bleaching the delicate leaves long, but I needed to know that can!